Cataracts are a common ailment that affect almost everyone in some way as they age. While this may sound intimidating, most people with cataracts experience the less severe side of the condition. Since the condition occurs often, one of the best things you can do is learn a bit more about cataracts and their treatments. You can find out some information to get you started below.

Cataracts happen when a large or small spot on the usually clear lens in the eye becomes cloudy. When this happens to a smaller area, it often goes unnoticed, but with a larger area there may be considerable vision loss. Cataracts can gradually develop over the course of many years, or they can form within a few short months, and they usually develop painlessly. They are most common in individuals over the age of 60, but in some cases children can actually be born with them. These rare cases of cataracts are called congenital cataracts.

Comprehensive Eye Exams

So, how can you determine whether or not you may have a cataract? Some symptoms include: blurry or foggy vision, reduced night vision, seeing halos around lights, seeing colours as dulled or muted, a feeling of a film covering your eye, and sunlight or light appearing overly bright. While these symptoms may not always appear, they can be a good indication that you may have a problem. The best way to find out if you have cataracts is to have your eyecare professional conduct a full examination.

One of the best ways to protect yourself from cataracts is to practice prevention in your everyday life to minimize wear on your eyes. You may be able to slow the growth of cataracts by wearing sunglasses that protect against UV rays and by eating antioxidant rich foods such as red beans, blueberries, red berries (strawberries, cranberries, etc.), pecans, artichokes, dark green vegetables (kale, broccoli, etc.), and apples.

If you do already have cataracts that are forming or formed, there are a few treatment options available to you. The first treatment option is simply having your optometrist prescribe new glasses that will make your vision as sharp as possible. This works great for less severe cataracts. If your cataracts have progressed further than what glasses can correct, your eyecare professional may refer you to an ophthalmologist (eye surgeon). Cataracts can be effectively and safely removed with surgery, and the clouded lens will be replaced with a new clear lens implant. You should always discuss the risks and limitations of eye surgery with your eyecare professional before undergoing treatment.

Schedule a comprehensive eye exam with us to have your eyes screened for cataracts.

Several eye diseases require exams on a more regular basis as well to ensure one’s eye health.

The most common of these are:
• Glaucoma
• Keratoconus
• Macular Degeneration
• Cataracts

Patients over 65 need to have their eyes examined yearly. The majority of vision-based diseases lack symptoms in their early stages, making early detection through eye examination even more important.

These diseases include, but are not limited to:
• Glaucoma
• Age Related Macular Degeneration
• Cataracts

Yearly exams are important since children often do not know if they are having a problem. It is common for one eye to develop an ocular issue while the other compensates. The earlier an eye problem is detected with a child, the better the end result after treatment.

Some common issues with children’s eyes include:
• Amblyopia
• Strabismus
• Refractive Error

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